What is the physical form of our ancestors? Many researchers to date still think that humans are from Africa.
Even so, it turns out our ancestors were not just one. Curious about what kinds of early humans in the world and why Africa was said to be the first place on earth? Come on, find out!
Understanding of Ancient Man
Before we move on to the origins of early humans, should we know what ancient humans were?
Early humans were humans who lived in the prehistoric (prehistoric) era. Many authentic evidences that strengthen the existence of ancient humans, especially Indonesia, ranging from fossils, carvings, household appliances, and so on.
We have seen many researchers who managed to find ancient human fossils in the plains of Indonesia, especially on the island of Java.
Organisms such as humans, animals, and plants that have long died and then buried in the ground and become stones are called fossils.
Whereas culture or life support tools made of simple items such as bones, skin, stones, teeth are referred to as artifacts.
Some Types of Ancient Man Ever Found
Ardipithecus Ramidus (Living around 4.4 million years ago)
This ancient human fossil was found in Ethiopia, eastern Africa, by John Haile Selassie in 1994 and is often called “Ardi”.
The remaining parts of his body were skulls, teeth, pelvic bones, hands, and feet which numbered 35 parts.
At that time, Ardi fossils were around fossil animals which indicated that they lived in the forest.
It is known that this ancient human species weighs about 50 kg, is about 120 cm high, eats fruit, leaves, and small mammals.
Big leg muscles and brain volume are the same as those of chimpanzees. Even so, Ardi’s incisors and fangs are bigger than apes.
Allegedly, he is also good at climbing trees and is able to walk upright, in contrast to monkeys that are hunchbacked.
Australopithecus Africanus (Living around 3.3-2.1 million years ago)
Their fossils were discovered in 1924 by children in the Taung area, near Vryburg, South Africa.
Then it was examined by Prof. Raymond Dart and was named Australopithecus Africanus, which means “ape from southern Africa”.
It took 20 years for researchers to convince themselves that Australopithecus Africanus was in the category of humans.
Hmm, why does it take a long time, huh? Apparently anatomically, they have a physical combination of humans and physical apes. His arms are long and the curve of his face is strong.
In addition, the pelvic bones, thigh bones, shoulders, hands, and leg bones indicate that they are often used for walking.
Other types of primitive humans
It was first obtained at Zhoukoudian (Zhou Kou Tien), near Beijing, China.
This area, often referred to as Peking, made Sinanthropus Pekinensis fossils named as Peking Man humans.
They are grouped as early humans based on their teeth encountered by archaeologists, Davidson Black in 1927. Although ancient humans, the brain volume is estimated to be around 1,000 cm3-1300 cm3, the same as the volume of the human brain today.
These characteristics make them similar to Pithecanthropus Erectus found in Indonesia.
The thing that distinguishes is the capacity of the skull of Sinanthropus Pekinensis is greater with the canines that do not overlap.
Other features are small forehead, thick skull bones, large eyebrows, and large jaw without chin.