History and Development of Fast Trains in the World


Have Fun / Wednesday, May 15th, 2019

A fast-tech magnetic train in Japan broke the world record ever created, with a new speed of 603 kilometers per hour.

 Get to Know the Fast Train in the World

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A fast train with magnetic technology in Japan called Maglev or “magnetic levitation” has broken the world record that was previously created in terms of speed by driving 603 kilometers per hour.

The Japan railroad service or Central Japan Railways said the train, called maglev, had been driving at speeds above 600 kilometers per hour for almost 11 seconds in a trial on Tuesday (21/4).

The train can reach that high speed because of a strong magnet that allows it to float a few centimeters above the lane, thus avoiding friction.

The electrically charged magnet also helps drive the movement of the train.

Central Japan Railways hopes that maglev technology can be used by 2045 to cut travel time by half between Tokyo and Osaka to just over one hour. The shorter route, between Tokyo and Nagoya, is expected to open in the late 2020s

Officials said Tuesday’s trial was intended to set limits on the technology’s capabilities, but stressed that they hoped the actual speed of operations would be around 500 kilometers per hour.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has promoted the technology for possible sale to other countries, including America, where the White House has invested billions of dollars in working on an ambitious fast train project which is still in its infancy.

The maglev train broke the world record he created himself in 2003, which was 590 kilometers per hour.

History of Fast Trains

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The fast train or High Speed ​​Rail (HSR) that we know today first appeared in Japan on October 1, 1964, known as the Shinkansen.

The first route, which was built 500 km from Tokyo-Yohohama-Nagoya-Kyoto-Osaka, is called the Tokaido Shinkansen.

But long before, Japan since the era of the 1930s has begun to develop fast trains.

Then in 1956, the land of the rising sun conducted a feasibility study on the construction of the Tokaido high speed train, with the initial construction process in 1959, finally operating in 1964.

Japan had received funding through debts from the World Bank US $ 80 million to finance this mega project.

After that, Germany joined the ranks of the country which had a fast train in 1988, for the path between Fulda and Wurzberg.

Then Spain in 1992 launched the AVE fast train that served between Madrid and Seville.

 Fast Train Development

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In Asia, after Japan, South Korea began the existence of fast train services in 2004, and in China and China Taipei in 2007.

Nearly 50 years since Japan launched the Shinkansen, post November 2013 it is estimated that the existing fast train network in the world has reached 21,472 km, of which nearly 7,400 km are in Europe, and more than 13,700 km are in Asia.

China is the fastest growing country in the world for fast trains. In 2013 there were 9,867 km of fast train networks, 2,664 km of Japan followed by Japan, 5,515 Km of Spain and 2,036 km of France.

Furthermore, there are 13,964 km of the world’s fast train network which at that time was under construction.

China still leads with the length of the fast railroad network being built reaching 9,081 km, then Spain 1,308 km, Japan along 779 km, and France 757 km, and Saudi Arabia will follow as a country with 550 km of fast trains.

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